SFI ACADEMIC PERIODICAL “THE LIGHT OF CHRIST ENLIGHTENS ALL”. ISSUE 20
The Light of Christ Enlightens All : Academic periodical of St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute. Issue 20. Moscow : St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute, 2016. 128 p.
The Image of the Righteous Sufferer in the Hebrew Psalter, in the Greek Psalter, and its Influence on the Gospels
The paper is devoted to the influence of the image of the Righteous Sufferer on the Passion Narrative, especially on Mark 14 and 15. The special attention t the Gospel of Mark is due to the fact that it seems to be the oldest gospel and a prototype for other Gospels. The differences between the Hebrew and the Greek texts of the psalms in question are analyzed; the question is studied which of the two textual traditions has influenced the Gospel text, when and how.
Keywords: Psalter, Gospels, Gospel of Mark, Hebrew Bible, Septuagint.
Messianism in the Septuagint: the State of the Discussion and Methodological Issues
According to most researchers Septuagint demonstrates development of messianism in comparison with the Masoretic text of the Old Testament. However some studies, primarily articles by Johan Lust, show that this view is supported by very weak evidence. This article analyzes the two key passages of the Septuagin Genesis 49:10 and Isaiah 9:5 (6), taken as an example of how much different can be approaches to the Greek text of the Old Testament and to how much different conclusions, researchers may come, applying different methods of text analysis. The final part makes a summary of basic methodological problems arising in the study of messianism in the Septuagint.
Keywords: Old Testament, Septuagint, Messiah, messianism, Biblical Exegesis.
Friendship in the Economy of the Church (Reflections of Fr. Pavel Florensky)
The present paper is a study of the notion of friendship (or philic love) as viewed by Pavel Florensky in his work The Pillar and Ground of the Truth. The notion of friendship is Florensky’s response to the theory of the ascetic eros seen as a path to individual immortality — a theory that enjoyed popularity in the beginning of the twentieth century. Florensky understands friendship as an ontological reality which makes it possible for human nature to transform.
Keywords: friendship (philia), eros, agape, person and thing, homooúsios and homoiousios, kenosis, multiple-one entity, «molecule of love», Church.
Saint Irenaeus, Origen, and Saint Gregory of Nyssa: Continuity in Approach to Apokatastasis
The article covers the concept of universal salvation (apokatastasis) in the works of St. Irenaeus of Lyons, Origen, and St. Gregory of Nyssa. The attempt is made to systematize both similarities and differences in their approaches.
Keywords: apokatastasis, Final Judgment, Church Fathers, soteriology.
Theological aspects of aesthetics
Artist between the Paradise on Earth and the Kingdom of Heaven
The article raises the question of why the subjects related to the pristine paradis and to the coming Kingdom of Heaven are usually not convincingly addressed in the world art, especially in the visual one. The author finds the cause in the absence of the artist’s inner experience to be rendered in her/his art images. The artist deals with a different task. Whatever is portrayed, the artist overcomes, more or less, the density of the “leather clothes” of sin and creates a “transparent” form, which does not hide but shows the essence, the soul of things. Therefore, a true work of art makes the Creator’s presence tangible in all His creation.
Keywords: image of paradise in art, artist’s inner experience, corner of paradise, paradise on earth, “leather clothes”, thin physicality, “form transparency”, icon and portrait.
On the New and the Old in Alexander Kornoukhov’s Art. Mosaics in the Redemptoris Mater Chapel in the Vatican’s Apostolic Palace
The article studies the mosaics by A. D. Kornoukhov on the vault of the Redemptoris Mater Chapel in the Vatican’s Apostolic Palace. New features introduced by the artist into the program and the style of mosaic decoration are analysed in relation to the traditional décor of Christian temple. Innovations are considered in terms of their theological content, iconography, imagery and artistic presentation. The image of the East Christian temple structure and its theological symbolism were depicted on the chapel vault by means of mosaic art creating an unparalleled eschatological image of the “new heaven”.
Keywords: mosaic, church art, Byzantine tradition, artist, image, iconography, church architecture, eschatology, theological symbolism.