The present issue of 'The Light of Christ Enlightens All' Academic periodical of St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute comprises articles on philosophy and metaphysics, bible studies, religious studies and sociology.
SFI ACADEMIC PERIODICAL “THE LIGHT OF CHRIST ENLIGHTENS ALL”. ISSUE 14
The Light of Christ Enlightens All : Academic periodical of St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute. Issue 14. Moscow : Moscow : St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute, 2015. 152 p.
Philosophy and Metaphysics
Universal Axiology: Bases, Difficulties and Perspectives
The article reviews the causes, sources and problems of building axiological ethics by its founders M. Scheler and N. Hartmann. Particular attention is paid to the difficulties of grounding the universal nature of the suggested hierarchy and classification of values.
Keywords: values, hierarchy of values, axiological modality.
Experience of Secular Metaphysics. Part II: Spinoza
This article continues the study of the phenomenon of secular metaphysics . It is considered as a special venture of reason pursuing perfect clarity. This paper is focused on the metaphysical project of B. Spinoza. Following Descartes, this thinker extrapolates the methods of natural science to the intelligible sphere seeking the perfect understanding of God, world and human being.
Keywords: metaphysics, ideal construction, clarity, totality.
“God and Man: Unity and Differences” in the Works by N. F. Fyodorov and A. P. Platonov
The article attempted to highlight the meaning of the notions “God” and “man” in the works by the two renowned writers, philosophers, and thinkers N. F. Fyodorov and A. P. Platonov. Nikolay Fyodorovich Fyodorov was a believer; his philosophical views had an impact on the young Andrey Platonov, whose literary activity began in the revolutionary period when the spiritual bases of life were subject to questioning and rethinking.Keywords:
Keywords: N. F. Fyodorov, A. P. Platonov, issues of mystics, God, man.
Dove in the Story of Jesus’ Baptism
The expression “like a dove” in the story of Jesus’ baptism (Mark 1:10) can be understood in several ways. It can relate either to the noun “Spirit” or to the participle “descending”. The imagery of a dove as a symbol of the Spirit is not found in the Jewish sources of the period. However, the symbolism of dove taken in its connection with Gen 1:2 is used in b. Hag 15a and in 4Q521. In the latter it is written that God’s Spirit will hover (like a bird) over the righteous. This article deals with such an interpretation, which is connected with the description of the manner the Spirit is descending in the story of Jesus’ baptism: the Spirit is descending upon Jesus just as He hovered over the waters of the primeval world in the first day of creation. In Luke 3:22 the reality of such a descending of the Spirit is emphasized by the words “in a bodily form”.
Keywords: New Testament, Mark, Luke, the Holy Spirit, Jewish literature, Qumran, Judaism, Cognitive Metaphor.
Generation of Jewish Apocalyptics: Problems of the Genre Definition and Origins
This article is devoted to the study of Jewish apocalyptics as a literary genre. The article provides an overview of scholars’ viewpoints on research questions associated with the definition of apocalypse genre, its origins and determining factors of development. The article considers theories of generating apocalyptics from the Old Testament prophecies, including those associating the apocalyptic tradition with visionary dreams of the prophets, where there are presented mythological motifs of universe creation and cosmic battles borrowed from other cultures of the Middle East.
Keywords: apocalyptics, eschatology, apocalyptic cosmology, genre, mythology, prophecy, symbolism.
Religious Studies and Sociology
Potentialities of the Conception on Religion Evolution in History of Society by Robert N. Bellah for Studying Religiosity in Russian Society
By using the conception by Robert N. Bellah on religion evolution, the author describes the religious situation in the contemporary Russian society, distinguishes groups of believers with their everyday religious practices and traces the differences in their impact on society. The author also focuses on the terminology problem in contemporary religious studies, namely, on the usage of identical terms for denoting heterogeneous phenomena. In particular, the term “orthodoxy” is, in fact, referred to pagan and monotheistic beliefs.
Keywords: religiosity, conception of religion evolution, types of religion, Bellah, Russian society.
Some Peculiarities of Folk Religiosity in North India’s Rural Communities
The article deals with special aspects of the rural population’s religious beliefs and practices in Haryana and Punjab states. Special attention is paid to the Kamboj caste’s religious tradition.
Keywords: Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, Gurbani, Punjab, Haryana, kamboj, udasin.
Early Islamic Apologetical Tradition: Brief Study
For the first time in oriental studies in Russia, the author explores the early Islamic tradition of polemics against Jews and Christians. On the example of Quranic, hadith’ and tafsir’ texts, the author researches the genesis and development of Islamic apologetics in the first two centuries of Islam. The author also recovers the history of reception of biblical text in early Islamic medieval sources, by mentions attributed to Ibn Abbas, Ka’ab al-Aḥbār, Wahb b. Munabbih and Muqatil b. Sulayman.
Keywords: apologetics, Islam, Quran, Sunnah, medieval anti-Christian polemics.