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Academic Periodical

The Quarterly Journal of St. Philaret’s Institute

Issue 18 (spring 2016)

The present issue of SFI academic periodical comprises articles on religious.

SFI ACADEMIC PERIODICAL “THE LIGHT OF CHRIST ENLIGHTENS ALL”. ISSUE 18

SFI ACADEMIC PERIODICAL “THE LIGHT OF CHRIST ENLIGHTENS ALL”. ISSUE 18

The Light of Christ Enlightens All : Academic periodical of St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute. Issue 18. Moscow : St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute, 2016. 120 p.

Table of contents

Religion and society

Maksim Bogachyov, PhD in Philosophy
On the Formation of an Integrated Approach to the Conceptualization of Religiousness
pp. 9-26
The article considers the issue of defining the content of the term religiousness. Reviewing the Western and Russian approaches to the conceptualization of religiousness, the author suggests a compromise option of combining the hierarchical approach with the post-classical one. 
Keywords: religiousness, sociology of religion, Russian society, conceptualization.
Margaret Shilkina, PhD in Philosophy
Freedom of Church and Freedom of Society: Historical Experience and Actual Problem in Today’s Russia 
pp. 27-41
The article deals with the interrelation between the freedom of the church and the freedom of the society in Russian history and in the contemporary period. The article describes the main precedents of how the church strived for attaining independence from the state and stood up for the freedom of speech and the freedom of worship in society. The Renovationist schism in the 1920s is highlighted as a culminating point of contradiction in the church-state relationship. The author concludes that in Russia any kind of political or social freedom is impossible without spiritual freedom as well as civic society is impossible without support from the church which is free both internally and externally. But the revival of the church is a difficult task without support from society, which respects the person’s right for free spiritual choice.
Keywords:  church-state relationship; freedom of worship; freedom of church; freedom of society; the Renovationist schism. 
Boris Sazhin, PhD in History
The Issue of People’s Religious Movements in the Ideology of Reformist Narodism: Looking for Ways towards a Society of Freedom, Equality and Justice
pp. 42-64
The article considers an issue, understudied in the historiography, of the attitude of reformist Narordniks to people’s religious movements (Old Belief and sectarianism) in the second half of the XIX century. The paper outlines the main features of the ideology of “peaceful” Narodism and the reasons why Narodnik intelligentsia addressed the issue of religious nonconformists. The author also delineates the single intellectual area of Old Belief and sectarianism and the main concepts of the Narodnik worldview. Special attention is paid to the theories of social progress, developed by reformist Narordniks, determining the possibility of non-capitalist modernization in Russia in the second half of the XIX century.
Keywords:  reformist Narodism, Old Belief and sectarianism, communitarian societies, “truth seekers”, religious brotherhood, Y. V. Abramov, A. S. Prugavin, V. K. Syutaev.

Religion in history

Maria Maksimova
The History of the Curse on the Minim, a Jewish Prayer against Christians
pp. 65-77
The article analyses the scholarly debate on the origins of the curse on the minim and on whether it was uttered against Judeo-Christians. The curse on the minim is traditionally believed to have appeared in the late I century against Judeo- Christians. This presumption is based on the Talmud text of the V century and on the writings of two Church Fathers of the IV–V centuries. To whom was the term “minim” referred in the II–III centuries? In the course of several centuries, no Christian writers, except St. Epiphanius and St. Jerome who lived in Palestine among Jews in the late IV–V centuries, mentioned this prayer in their writings. It is possible that only in the Byzantine period the curse on the minim in Palestine started being uttered directly against Judeo-Christians, named nozerim.
Keywords: minim, nozerim, prayer against Christians, Jewish-Christian relations, the Early Church, rabbinate, synagogue.
Ilya Nazarov
Moral Content of the Right of Shelter and Impunity within Patriarchal Courts in Byzantium
pp. 78-86
The article examines the moral content of the right of shelter and impunity possessed by churches (jus asyli) within patriarchal courts in Byzantium. The author focuses on the history of this phenomenon and on the arguments on why criminal cases had to be heard in patriarchal court during the period under consideration. The empirical evidence is presented by quotations from Byzantine legal monuments confirming the author’s theoretical arguments. This article was written on the basis of works of pre-revolutionary scholars in church history and canon law.
Keywords: the right of shelter and impunity in churches, jus asyli, patriarchal court, penance, punishment.
Vladimir Maxakov,
Robespierre and Church: Notes on the Subject
pp. 87-97
The article outlines the evolution of Robespierre’s beliefs about Christianity and church within the context of Enlightenment ideas, Rousseauism and the French Revolution. The author highlights their relation to philosophical currents of the period in discussion and analyzes the creation of a new religious cult, nationalization and political subordination of the church. The paper substantiates Robespierre’s religious criticism of revolutionary violence, terror, and atheistic ideology. A set of political speeches delivered by Robespierre in 1789–1794 was the source for this article.
Keywords: Maximilien Robespierre, revolution, reign of terror, National Constituent Assembly, National Convention, Christianity, church, Enlightenment, Cult of the Supreme Being.
Maria Morozova,
The Tragedy of Bidiya Dandaron as a Reflection of the Fate of Buddhism in Russia after the National Catastrophe of 1917 
pp. 98-113
The article deals with the life and work of Bidiya Dandaron, an outstanding Soviet scholar, Orientalist, Buddhologist and spiritual teacher who largely contributed to the religious life of the Russian Buddhist Sangha as well as to the development of Soviet Oriental studies and Buddhology. Dandaron’s tragic fate is an example of how the Soviet policy affected believers in the Buryat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and in the entire USSR. 
Keywords:  Dandaron, Buddhism during the period of repression, Neobuddhism, Buddhist Sangha in the USSR.
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