The present issue of SFI academic periodical comprises articles on missiology, catechetics and homiletics.
SFI ACADEMIC PERIODICAL “THE LIGHT OF CHRIST ENLIGHTENS ALL”. ISSUE 15
The Light of Christ Enlightens All : Academic periodical of St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute. Issue 15. Moscow : St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute, 2015. 131 p.
Internal Mission by St. Nicholas the Wonderworker Brotherhood in Vyatka in the late XIX and early XX Century
The article reviews and analyses the missionary and educational work carried out by St. Nicholas the Wonderworker Brotherhood in Vyatka, founded by Archpriest Stefan Kashmensky in 1882. The Brotherhood was engaged in educating the Old Believers population of the Vyatka diocese and supported a spiritual school in Vyatka for training missionaries from among peasants. Its graduates became teachers-missionaries in children’s primary schools in villages populated by Old Believers. As brotherhood teachers got closer to students, their parents and school environment, reconciliation between Orthodox and Old Believers took place gradually. In some cases, Old Believers even converted back to the Orthodox Church.
Keywords: mission, education, combating the schism, St. Nicholas the Wonderworker Brotherhood in Vyatka, Vyatka missionary school, Old Believers, Kashmensky, brotherhood teachers.
Missionary Work in the Yekaterinburg Diocese in the late XIX and early XX century (on the basis of the Yekaterinburg Diocesan Bulletin, 1886–1917)
On the basis of the Yekaterinburg Diocesan Bulletin (1886–1917), this article deals with the missionary work of the Yekaterinburg diocese focused primarily on internal mission. In the XIX century two types kinds of mission emerged in the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) — external mission (to non-Christians and Pagans) and internal mission (to former Orthodox believers who fell into Old Belief and sectarianism as well as to Orthodox themselves). Throughout the Yekaterinburg diocese, external mission was addressed to Vogul Pagans and Muslims (Tatars and Bashkirs). The missionary work of the ROC in the Yekaterinburg diocese was carried out within domestic policy implemented through decisions of the Holy Synod, a body of church and state authority.
Keywords: Yekaterinburg diocese, internal mission, external mission, Yekaterinburg Diocesan Bulletin, St. Simeon Verkhotursky Brotherhood, state missionary policy.
The Evolution of the Activity of St. Gury of Kazan Brotherhood (in the late XIX and early XX Century)
The present article is focused on the missionary and educational activities of St. Gury Brotherhood founded in 1867 in Kazan. The author also analyses the contribution of N. I. Ilminsky to the Brotherhood’s work and the negative changes in it after his death. The Brotherhood was engaged in educating non-Russian population in Kazan and neighbouring dioceses through opening primary missionary schools in languages of minor nationalities, translating and publishing books, training teachers and priests from among indigenous dwellers, assuming responsibility for churches and orthodox worship for baptized non-Russian people in their native languages, etc.
Keywords: mission, education, minor nationalities, St. Gury of Kazan Brotherhood, N. I. Ilminsky.
Preaching of Repentance as an Important Part of Ecclesial Mission in Contemporary Protestant Churches in Russia
The article covers the problems related to modern missionary practices of Protestant churches in the Russian Federation (1990s — 2010s). Preaching of repentance is the core of their evangelisation (missionary) work. Curren repentance practices in Protestant churches are outlined on the basis of interviews ith pastors. The author also analyses the interrelation between these practices and evangelisation.
Keywords: mission, missionary work, evangelisation, repentance, preaching, preparation for baptism, Protestant churches.
Directions of Christian Prebaptismal Catechesis in the I Century in correlation with the Second Stage of Catechesis in the Patristic Age (according to New Testament sources)
New Testament sources provide only indirect evidence of prebaptismal catechesis, allowing however to highlight the fundamental points of apostolic preaching addressed both to Jews and to Gentiles, which could have been the basis of initial, yet oral, catechisms. Apostolic preaching was focused on the resurrection of Jesus and on the call to respond to this preaching, that is, on the call to penance and faith in Jesus; on the promise of forgiveness, salvation and the gift of the Spirit for those who have answered this call. Since the start of missionary preaching to Gentiles, profession of faith in the one God who does not dwell in temples made by hand, the Creator of the world and of man “from one blood”, became a distinct part of the creed. The theology of the Apostolic Age is characterized by such distinctive features as the simplicity of doctrinal formulations, the absence of theological abstractions and the indissoluble connection between preaching and responding to it, that is, baptism.
Keywords: catechesis, catechism, baptism, Apostolic Age, preaching, New Testament.
The Structure of Catechesis in the Ancient Church according to the Text of Didache
In the article, Didache is considered as a source on the early practice of catechesis in the church in the I – II centuries. According to Didache, the basic elements of catechesis were the instruction addressed to catechumens, based on “the teaching of the two ways” known in the ancient church, and baptism itself. The consistent and stage-based process of teaching Christian faith and life emerged later as the Patristic system of catechesis.
Keywords: Didache, catechesis, stages of catechesis, “the teaching of the two ways”.
Problems of Style in Contemporary Church Preaching
The article dwells on the issue of style in today’s preaching to faithful members of the church. The author makes an attempt to finds answers to the following pressing questions. What kind of language should be used in contemporary church preaching? Should one opt for an elevated style using words and phrases borrowed from Church Slavonic or, on the contrary, for a more up-to-date speech with neologisms and loan words to be quite clear to every modern person? What kind of language is needed for preaching Christianity in the age of postmodernism and of the didactic and homiletic crisis in the church? What examples should contemporary preachers refer to?
Keywords: church preaching, style, language, homiletics, preacher.