The present issue of SFI academic periodical comprises articles on the relations between the church and the Soviet state, life of the Orthodox Church abroad, spiritual movements, unions and fraternities, role of the individual in church history and review.
SFI ACADEMIC PERIODICAL “THE LIGHT OF CHRIST ENLIGHTENS ALL”. ISSUE 22
The Light of Christ Enlightens All : Academic periodical of St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute. Issue 22. Moscow : St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute, 2017. 112 p.
The Orthodox Church and the Soviet State
Relations between the Church and the Council for the Russian Orthodox Church Affairs in the Tashkent and Central Asian Diocese in 1946–1961
The article is focused on the church life in the Tashkent and Central Asian diocese in 1946–1961, namely on how it was influenced by the Council for the Russian Orthodox Church Affairs and its appointed commissioners at the local level. In 1946–1960, when the church was oppressed and later openly persecuted by Soviet power, primarily through the appointed commissioners, the church life in the Tashkent and Central Asian diocese went through the period of revival. This became possible due to the uncompromising ministry of the devotees of faith, their loyalty to God and the firm position of the ruling bishop and the like-minded clergy and laity.
Keywords: Tashkent and Central Asian diocese, church-state relations, Council for the Russian Orthodox Church Affairs, confessors of faith.
Church Life in the Displaced Persons Camps in Western Europe from 1945 to 1952
The article explores the depth and diversity of church life at the displaced persons (DP) camps in Western Europe from 1945 to 1952. The chronological framework is determined by the period of existence of the DP camps in Western Europe, whereas the geographical scope is limited to the British and American occupation zones in Austria and Germany — territories comprised by the Berlin and Germany diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad.
Keywords: displaced persons, DP camps, Ostarbeiters, anti-Soviet formations, repatriation, Schleissheim, Fischbeck, Parsch, Bishop John (Garklavs) of Riga, Bishop Nathaniel (Lvov).
Spiritual Movements, Unions and Brotherhoods
Archival Records on the History of Pre-Revolutionary Diocesan Brotherhoods: the Brotherhood of St. Basil, Bishop of Ryazan
The article reconstructs the history of the diocesan brotherhood existed from 1877 to 1918 in the territory of the Ryazan and Zaraysk diocese. The author bases her study on the documents kept by the Foundation of the Brotherhood of St. Basil, Bishop of Ryazan. The records, numbering 290 and covering all the years of the brotherhood’s existence, are stored at the State Archive of the Ryazan region.
Keywords: Brotherhood of St. Basil’s, Bishop of Ryazan, missionary work, Bishop Palladius (Rayev), history of brotherhoods.
Personality in Church History
Archpriest Nikolay Butkin’s Spiritual Heritage and Ministry
The article, based on published sources and archival records, examines the ministry and spiritual heritage of Archpriest Nikolay Butkin, the Ural uncanonised new martyr. The author focuses on the issues of church life revival such as restoring the priestly ministry as profession of faith, building the church life in the spirit of brotherhood; granting the inner freedom to the church in relations with the state, overcoming the separateness between clergy and laity as well as between church and society. The article outlines the main stages of Archpriest Nikolay Butkin’s life and ministry. His texts, published in church press and those recently discovered in archives, are also briefly reviewed.
Keywords: Archpriest Nikolay Butkin, Shadrinsk, Saviour’s Transfiguration Cathedral, Simeon Brotherhood, the novel “The Winegrowers”, church life revival, history of Orthodoxy in the Urals, the XX century history of the Russian Orthodox Church.
M. V. Yudina’s Spiritual Journey
Maria Veniaminovna Yudina (1899–1970) went down in the history of the XX century Russian culture as a world-renowned pianist, tutor and musical figure. Less known are the circumstances of her spiritual and church life. However, Maria Yudina, a person of rare integrity, did not split these areas of her life. In their unity, these form what could be called her ‘spiritual journey’, allowing her to get maturity in spite of the total ideological pressure and to spiritually resist the ‘anthropological disaster’. The article discusses the major milestones of this journey: searching and finding faith, church life and her quest for answers to spiritual questions.
Keywords: history, confessorship, music, culture, spiritual guidance, memory, resistance.
Petrov I.V. The Orthodox Baltic States of 1939-1953: The period of wars, repressions and international contradictions