The present issue of SFI academic periodical comprises articles on theology and philosophy.
SFI Academic Periodical “The Light of Christ Enlightens All”. Issue 16
The Light of Christ Enlightens All : Academic periodical of St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute. Issue 16. Moscow : St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute, 2015. 117 p.
Bulgakov and Berdyayev: Theology and Philosophy
The article is based on the manuscript of the presentation prepared by Archpriest Vitaly Borovoy to have been delivered at the theology workshop in Chambésy (Switzerland), on the eve of celebrating the 1000th anniversary of Russia’s Christianisation. The paper analyses the theological views of Archpriest Sergius Bulgakov and the philosophical ideas of Nikolay Berdyayev, with both of them being the prominent representatives of the Russian Religious-Philosophical Renaissance of the first half of the ХХ century. The bibliographies of major works by Bulgakov and Berdyayev (as well as by researchers of their writings) are also reviewed. This article is an excellent introduction to the thought of these authors.
Keywords: Berdyayev, Bulgakov, theology, philosophy, personalism, existentialism, communism, Russian Religious-Philosophical Renaissance.
From Secular Anthropology of Security towards Christian Anthropology of Communion
The article examines the anthropological syndrome Homo Securitatis (security-minded person) developing in today’s secular security paradigm. The path to healing from this syndrome, especially destructive for church life, can be addressing Christian anthropology of communion.
Keywords: anthropology, theology of security, Homo Securitatis, Fr. Dumitru Stăniloae.
Anthropology of Origen’s treatise “De Principiis”
This article highlights some of the original Origen’s conceptions about the person: corporeality as a consequence of the fall, the idea of reincarnation, the belief in apocatastasis. The synthesis between ancient philosophy and early Christian theology is the main subject of anthropology developed by this Alexandrian catechist.
Keywords: anthropology, trichotomy, metempsychosis, apocatastasis, cosmogony.
Secularity, Post-Secularity, and Russian Religious Philosophy
In the paper secular and post-secular thought are compared with Russian religious philosophy. It is demonstrated that the post-secular interpretation of religion is quite opposite to the position of Russian religious philosophy. However it is also opposite to the secular rationality. This paradoxical situation becomes clear, if we notice some essential similarity between Russian religious project and rational secular project. Both projects try to be total. They oppose each other because they seek for the different totalities. Secular rationality seeks for the totality of reason. Religious philosophy tries to include reason in the religious totality. As distinct from both, post-secularity refuses from any kind of totality. Post-secular project does not presuppose to construct any integrity. The main concept of this project is complementarity. It implies the partnership of different discourses, which are complementary to each other.
Keywords: secular, post-secular, religion, integrity, totality, complementarity, discourse.
On the Totality, Secularism and Post-Secularism (Reflections on the Article by G. B. Goutner)
The article discusses in what sense the great cultural epistemes — such as the sacred episteme of Christian Middle Ages and the secular episteme of modern Europe — can be called total or repressive. At the same time, secularisation is understood as a local historical process that has not only time but also geographical constraints. Since the beginning of the XXI century there is ongoing widespread discussion about post-secularism that is supposedly taking place of secularism. The author tries to show that this statement is true only in a very narrow sense. The article challenges G. B. Goutner’s opinion that Habermas’ theory of discourse is a new global post-secular project, which overcomes the total character of previous cultural epistemes.
Keywords: totality, the sacred episteme of Christian Middle Ages, the secular episteme of modern Europe, postmodernism, post-secularism.
Cursory Notes on Totality, Secularity, and Russian Philosophy
This paper is a polemical response to Grigory Goutner’s “Secularity, Post-Secularity, and Russian Religious Philosophy”. The discussion is centered around the issue of the correlation between totality and network-type integrity, while secularization is interpreted as an attempt to shift the integrity type from the former to the latter. The project of naturalism is the contemporary realization of the secular way of thinking; nevertheless, it failed to take its place among the items discussed in the Goutner’s article. The Goutner’s project of complementary discourses is opposed by the project to connect the network-type integrity and the totality on equal grounds and within the same conceptual framework. In this context it is challenged that Russian religious philosophy has been working exclusively within the paradigm of totality. Finally, the prospects of Russian religious philosophy are discussed.
Keywords: totality, integrity, fragmentariness, network-type integrity, theological determinism and free will, secularity, the project of naturalism, Russian religious philosophy.
A Response to the Opponents