The 8th issue of SFI Academic Periodical “The Light of Christ Enlightens All” is the second part of the issue dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the Institute. We continue publishing the Institute’s leading teachers’ and Board of trustees members’ works.
SFI ACADEMIC PERIODICAL “THE LIGHT OF CHRIST ENLIGHTENS ALL”. ISSUE 8
The Light of Christ Enlightens All : Academic periodical of St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute. Issue 8. Moscow : Moscow : St. Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute, 2013. 152 p.
Is the Liturgy Described in the Mystagogia of Maximus Confessor Byzantine, Palestinian, or Neither?
This article was written in response to the shock waves caused in Byzantine liturgiology by the suggestion of Prof. Joseph Patrich of the Department of Archaeology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem that the Mystagogy of Maximus Confessor may be commenting not on the Byzantine Liturgy, as hitherto always presumed, but on the hagiopolite liturgy of Palestine, where we now know Maximus was born and entered monasticism. Through a careful review of the facts of Maximus’ Vita with its many geographical displacements, and a comparative analysis of his Mystagogy with the eucharistic liturgies of the Byzantine and hagiopolite traditions, this study has advanced suasive (if not definitive) arguments in favor of continuing to consider Maximus’ Mystagogy a Byzantine liturgical commentary. The article was originally published in: BBGG. 2011. S. III. N 8. P. 223–270.
Keywords: St. Maximus Confessor, Mystagogia, Vita, the Byzantine Divine Liturgy, the Bematikion chant, the Bema, the Great Entrance, the Introit.
Some Aspects of a Church Problem of False Priesthood on the Example of the Situation on the Temporary Occupied North-West Territories of Russia in 1941–1944
The problem of false priesthood and self sanсtification in the church history became especially acute in times of social unrest, coups d’état and wars. During German occupation due to its strict church-canonical position Pskov Orthodox mission facilitated spiritual renaissance in many respects. At the same time according to memories of the witnesses and other documents there were cases of false priesthood. The article analyses causes, classification and spiritual consequences of this phenomenon.
Keywords: false priesthood, self sanctificators, Pskov mission, Baltic exarchate, sacraments, church renaissance.
On the Style of Byzantine Art of the VI–VII Centuries
In the Early Byzantine art already two main tendencies begin to take shape: creation of an image by old classical means with their little modification, and substitution of the classical artistic language with the stricter one far from antiquity. Both became apparent already in the VI–VII centuries. In the VI century art the strict variant of an image and style was spread wider than the classical one. This kind of style represents a special type of metropolitan art, which existed into the VII century, though not as a dominant. The other tendency – closeness to the classics – is a special feature of the VII century works. Adhesion to classical traditions would stay a permanent basic value of Byzantine art, as well as the effort to attach all possible spirituality to an image. Sometimes the two modes reached equilibrium. Usually one of them prevailed, however. Byzantine art never lost its classical foundation and its main component — the mark of the presence of the Holy Spirit.
Keywords: Byzantine art, mosaics, frescos, classical, ascetic.
מֹשֶׁה, Μωυσῆς, مُوسَى : Image of the Prophet Moses in the Three Theistic Traditions
The aim of the article is to show how the image of Moses in the Koran and Muslim lore correlates with its interpretations in Judaic and Christian traditions. Most discrepancies of these interpretations which we find while comparing Koran text with the Bible can be removed by addressing non-canonical Judaic and Christian texts. Sensational thematic and compositional similarity of the protreptic Midrash parables, hagiographic narratives formed in the monastic sphere in the protobyzantine period, and legends which we find in Muslim commentaries on the Koran and “Stories of the Prophets” give evidence, according to the author, not of the direct borrowings, but only of the common ideologic depositary of the three theistic traditions.
Keywords: Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Moses, Bible, Koran, Haggada, Midrash, traditions, parables, legends.
“False Ideas are the Greatest Obstacle on the Way of the Gospel”
The article presents an outlook over a possibility of the synthesis of science and religion. Modern development of a doctrine of the contemporary Church requires a dialogue between the evolutionary biology and Christian theology. The dialogue will allow to convey the nunciate in a form adequate for the Gospel addressee, i. e. for the people living in “the age of science”. This is one of the most urgent missionary tasks. The article critically analyses the alternative to structuring of such a dialogue – phenomenon of “scientific creationism”. The reasons of its methodological, ontological, theological inadequacy for the scientific world view are explained. Building its arguments on modern research of the evolution mechanisms, the author presents a possible understanding of the hexahemeron taking into account modern explanation of the evolution phenomenon. The given view on the evolution may answer all the claims, addressed towards it. It turns from an intellectual temptation into a space of Divine Revelation.
Keywords: evolution, scientific creationism, creationists, Darwinism, homeotic genes, teleological evolution, tychohenetical evolution, hybridization, speciation.