The article outlines the concept of the Pan-Russian Brotherhood that the renowned early XX century Russian Christian luminary Nikolay Nikolaevich Neplyuev (1851–1908) promoted in his writings and when speaking to the public. The Brotherhood’s main objective would be to consolidate and channel any healthy social effort in Russia towards fostering unity and creativity in the context of stronger revolutionary sentiments. However, the project was never carried out. The article’s author considers the distinctive characteristics N. N. Neplyuev attributed to the Pan-Russian Brotherhood and gives an account of the attempts he made at its foundation.
Keywords: Nikolay Neplyuev, Pan-Russian Brotherhood, Orthodox Christianity, penance.